Date: May 12, 2016
Source: Leiden, Universiteit
It may well be that only male zebra finches can sing, but the females are faster at learning to discriminate sounds. Leiden researchers publish their findings in the scientific journal Animal Behaviour.
The scientists reached this conclusion after a meta-analysis of different experiments with the songbirds. Combining the results of 14 separate studies gave them a population of 87 birds to work from. The aim of the research was to find out why some birds could recognize sounds faster than others.
Go and no-go
The zebra finches heard one of two sound types after pecking at an LED sensor. If -- after hearing the right sound (the 'go sound') -- they pecked on the sensor again, they received a reward. Pecking on the sensor after hearing the so-called no-go sound gave them no reward, and even 'punished' the birds by leaving them in the dark for a short while.
Dr Pralle Kriengwatana: 'Our meta-analysis shows that female zebra finches learn to discriminate sounds faster, which is surprising considering that females don't sing. On the basis that male songbirds usually sing more than female songbirds, scientists have long assumed that the males must also be better at recognising and learning song (and perhaps also other sounds). It now seems that sex differences in producing complex sounds do not necessarily correlate exactly with the ability to perceive and discriminate these complex sounds.'
The scientists are still in the dark about the reasons why females learn better than males, although the female hormone oestrogen may play a role. According to Kriengwatana, further research is needed to determine the precise cause of the sex differences.