Date: June 26, 2019
Source: University of Kansas
Growing up in Liberia during that country's brutal 14-year civil war, Benedictus Freeman and his family fled into the rainforest, where they survived for years eating bush meat and foraging. The rainforest provided Freeman sustenance and protection -- but more than that, the experience ignited a passion in him for understanding and preserving nature.
"At that time, I really didn't know how important the forest would become for me -- I saw the forest as a source of resources like food and shelter," said Freeman, who today is a doctoral student in ecology & evolutionary biology at the University of Kansas and KU Biodiversity Institute. "But I developed an interest in nature there, and eventually I started studying forestry for my undergraduate degree. That actually influenced my decision to get more interested in nature and conservation."
The rainforests that once protected Freeman and his family host one of West Africa's flagship bird species -- the White‐breasted Guineafowl (Agelastes meleagrides). Now, Freeman is lead author of a new paper in the peer-reviewed journal Avian Research that projects the geographic distribution of the bird through 2050 as it shifts habitat due to climate change.
"This bird is endemic to West Africa, but it's not fully understood -- it's poorly studied," Freeman said. "Because of this poor history, there's very little understanding about its range. Our study recharacterizes its distribution and helps us to understand to what extent it's distributed across the region. The bird is threatened, and it's of conservation concern. So that's why it was selected for study."
According to Freeman, the vulnerable White-breasted Guineafowl, which has appeared on Liberian postage stamps, serves as an iconic "flagship species," conservation of which could preserve habitat of many lesser-known animals at the same time.