Fears for turtle doves as sightings fall to lowest levels ever
August 2013. Conservationists fear 2013 could be the worst year ever for turtle dove numbers - England's most threatened farmland bird. Records of sightings are down significantly this year and experts believe last summer's extremely wet weather may be the cause.
80% decline since 1995
Official figures show that turtle doves - an icon of the English countryside and a fixture in literature and folklore for centuries - have declined by 80 per cent since 1995. But reports from recent weeks show that this summer's population is likely to be lower than ever.
Scientists are currently investigating the causes of the turtle dove's catastrophic population crash in a fight against the clock to develop conservation measures before they disappear from our shores entirely. The birds face a number of threats including changes in farming practices both in the UK and in Africa where they spend the winter, and are also regularly shot by hunters in Europe and North Africa.
BirdTrack, an online project using data from thousands of volunteer wildlife recorders, has revealed that just 2% of recorders' lists featured turtle dove sightings in May compared with 3.5% last year.
Ray of hope
However there is some hope on the horizon as scientists currently conducting research in East Anglia have seen positive breeding successes this year with more chicks surviving and leaving the nest than last year.
Dr Jenny Dunn, RSPB conservation scientist, said: "Last summer was the wettest in living memory, and it is no surprise that this has had an impact on turtle doves. The cold and damp summer of 2012 is likely to have hampered the bird's efforts to feed their chicks as well as keeping them warm and as a result many will have died before they were able to take their first flight.